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  • ResearchGate

55- MARTINS RA, GREENSPAN SE, MEDINA D, BUTTIMER S, SIOMKO S, NEELY WJ, MARSHALL V, LYRA ML, HADDAD CFB, SAO PEDRO V, BECKER CG (2022) Signatures of functional bacteriome structure in a tropical direct-developing amphibian species. Animal Microbiomes, in press.

54- THOMAS KN, GOWER DJ, STREICHER JW, BELL RC, FUJITA MK, SCHOTT RK, LIEDTKE HC, HADDAD CFB, BECKER CG, CIX CL, MARTINS RA, DOUGLAS RH (2022) Ecological correlates of spectral transmission in the ocular lenses of frogs and salamanders. Functional Ecology, doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.14018.


53- BELASEN AM, AMSES KR, CLEMONS RA, BECKER CG, TOLEDO LF, JAMES TY (2022) Habitat fragmentation in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest is associated with erosion of frog immunogenetic diversity and increased fungal infections. Immunogenetics,

52- LIMA PLM, LAMBERTINI C, BECKER CG, REBOUÇAS R, TOLEDO LF (2022) Presence of invasive American bullfrogs reduces infectious disease in a native frog species. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, doi:

51- NEELY WJGREENSPAN SE, STAHL L, HERAGHTY SD, MARSHALL VM, ATKINSON CL, BECKER CG (2022) Habitat Disturbance Linked with Host Microbiome Dispersion and Bd Dynamics in Temperate Amphibians. Microbial Ecology,

50- MOURA-CAMPOS D, GREENSPAN SE, DiRENZO GV, NEELY WJ, TOLEDO LF, BECKER CG (2021) Fungal disease cluster in tropical terrestrial frogs predicted by low rainfall. Biological Conservation, 261: 109246.

49- REBOUÇAS R, BECKER CG, WRIGHT A, BACON J, TOLEDO LF. (2021) Anthropogenic habitat modification linked to deformities in an introduced toad population of the oceanic island of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil. Salamandra/German Journal of Herpetology, in press.


48- MEDINA D, GREENSPAN SECARVALHO T, BECKER CG, TOLEDO LF (2021) Co-infecting pathogen lineages have additive effects on host bacterial communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 97: fiab030.


Spatiotemporal adaptive evolution of an MHC immune gene in a frog-fungus disease system. Heredity,

46- GREENSPAN SE, MIGLIORINI GH, LYRA ML, PONTES MR, CARVALHO T, RIBEIRO LP, MOURA-CAMPOS D, HADDAD CFB, TOLEDO LF, ROMERO GQ, BECKER CG (2020) Warming drives ecological community changes linked to microbiome dysbiosis. Nature Climate Change,

45- RUTHSATZ K, LYRA ML, LAMBERTINI  C, BELASEN A, JENKINSON TS, LEITE DS, BECKER CG, HADDAD CFB, JAMES TY, ZAMUDIO KR, TOLEDO LF, VENCES M (2020) Skin microbiome correlates with bioclimate and Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection intensity in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest treefrogs. Scientific Reports, 10: 22311.

44-LAMBERTINI C, BECKER CG, BELASEN A, VALENCIA-AGUILAR A, de ALMEIDA  CHN, et al. (2020) Biotic and abiotic determinants of chytrid-disease dynamics across the Brazilian Atlantic Coastal Forest. Fungal Ecology,

43- PREUSS J, GREENSPAN SE, ROSSI EB, LUCAS GONSALES EM, NEELY WJ, VALLIATI, WOODHAMS D, BECKER CG*, TOZZETI AM* (2020) Widespread pig farming practice linked to shifts in skin microbiomes and disease in pond-breeding amphibians. Environmental Science & Technology, *corresponding authors/equal contribution. 

42- NALI R, BECKER CG, ZAMUDIO KZ, PRADO CP (2020) Topography, more than land cover, explains genetic diversity in a Neotropical Savanna treefrog. Diversity & Distributions,

41- NEELY WJGREENSPAN SE, RIBEIRO LP, CARVALHO T, MARTINS R, RODRIGUEZ D, ROHR JR, HADDAD CFB, TOLEDO LF, BECKER CG (2020) Synergistic effects of warming and disease linked to high mortality in cool-adapted terrestrial frogs. Biological Conservation, i2545: 108521.

40- RIBEIRO Jr. JW, SIQUEIRA T, DIRENZO G, LALMBERTINI C, LYRA ML, TOLEDO LF, HADDAD CFB, BECKER CG (2020) Assessing amphibian disease risk across tropical streams while accounting for imperfect pathogen detection. Oecologia, 193: 237–248. 

39- WOODHAMS DC, BLETZ MC, BECKER CG, BENDER HA, BUITRAGO-ROSAS D, et al. (2020) Host Associated Microbiomes Predicted by Immune System Complexity and Climate. Genome Biology, 21: 23. 

38- MARTINS RABECKER CG, HADDAD CFB, YVONNICK LP, SOLE M, MIRA-MENDES CV (2020) Redescription of the tadpole of Leptodactylus flavopictus Lutz, 1926 (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Pilar do Sul, São Paulo, Brazil. Zootaxa, 4722: 495-499.

37- BECKER CG, BLETZ MC, GREENSPAN SE, RODRIGUEZ D, LAMBERTINI C, JENKINSON TS, GUIMARAES PR, ASSIS P, GEFFERS R, JAREK M, TOLEDO LF, VENCES M, HADDAD CFB (2019) Low-load pathogen spillover predicts shifts in skin microbiome and survival of a terrestrial-breeding amphibian. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B, 286: 20191114.

36- GREENSPAN SE, LYRA ML, MIGLIORINI G, KERSCH-BECKER MF, BLETZ M, LISBOA C, PONTES MP, RIBEIRO L, NEELY WJ, REZENDE F, TOLEDO LF, ROMERO GQ, WOODHAMS DC, HADDAD CFB, BECKER CG (2019) Arthropod-bacteria interactions influence assembly of aquatic host microbiome and pathogen defense. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B, 286: 20190924.

35- RIBEIRO L, CARVALHO T, BECKER CG, JENKINSON T, GREENSPAN SE, LEITE DS, JAMES TY, TOLEDO LF (2019) Bullfrog farms release virulent zoospores of the frog-killing fungus into the natural environment. Scientific Reports, 9: 13442. ​

34- KUENEMANN J, BLETZ M, MCKENZIE V, BECKER CG, JOSEPH M, et al. (2019) Community richness of amphibian skin bacteria correlates with bioclimate at the global scale. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3: 381-389.

33- GREENSPAN SE, LAMBERTINI C, CARVALHO T, JAMES TY, TOLEDO LF, HADDAD CFB, BECKER CG (2018) Hybrids of amphibian chytrid show high virulence in native hosts. Scientific Reports, 8: 9600.

32 - BECKER CG, LONGO AV, HADDAD CFB, ZAMUDIO KR (2017) Land cover and forest connectivity alter the interactions among host, pathogen, and skin microbiome. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B, 284: 20171861.

31 - MESQUITA AC, LAMBERTINI C, LYRA M, MALAGOLI LR, JAMES TY, TOLEDO LF, HADDAD CF,  BECKER CG (2017) Low resistance to chytridiomycosis in direct-developing amphibians. Scientific Reports, 7:16605.


30 - POLATO N, GRAY MM, GILL BA, ANDERSON KL, BECKER CG, ENCALADA AC, FUNK WC, ZAMUDIO KR (2017). Genetic diversity and gene flow decline with elevation in montane mayflies. Heredity, 119: 107-116.

29 - *CARVALHO T, *BECKER CG, *TOLEDO LF (2017) Historical amphibian declines and extinctions in Brazil linked to chytridiomycosis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B, 284: 20162254. 

* Authors contributed equally. 

28 - FORTI L, BECKER CG, TACIOLI L, SANTOS A, OLIVEIRA I, HADDAD CFB, TOLEDO LF (2017) Perspectives on invasive amphibians in Brazil. PLoS One, 12: e0184703.

27 - LAMBERTINI C, BECKER CG, BARDIER C, LEITE DS, TOLEDO LF (2017) Widespread infections of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in South American caecilians. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 10.3354/dao03114.

26 - BECKER CG, GREENSPAN SE, TRACY KE, DASH JA, LAMBERTINI C, JENKINSON TS, LEITE DS, TOLEDO LF, LONGCORE JE, JAMES TY, ZAMUDIO KR (2017) Variation in phenotype and virulence among enzootic and panzootic amphibian chytrid lineages. Fungal Ecology, 26: 45-50.

25 - BECKER CG, RODRIGUEZ D, LAMBERTINI C, TOLEDO LF, HADDAD CFB (2016) Historical dynamics of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Amazonia. Ecography, 39: 954-960.

24 - LAMBERTINI C, BECKER CG, JENKINSON TS, RODRIGUEZ D, LEITE DS, JAMES TY, ZAMUDIO KR, TOLEDO LF (2016) Local phenotypic variation in amphibian-killing fungus predicts infection dynamics. Fungal Ecology, 20: 15-21.

23 - BOVO RP, ANDRADE DV, TOLEDO LF, LONGO AV, RODRIGUEZ D, HADDAD CFB, ZAMUDIO KR, BECKER CG (2016) Responses of Brazilian amphibians to an enzootic infection of the frog-killing fungus. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, doi: 10.3354/dao02940.

22 - BECKE CG, RODRIGUEZ D, LONGO AV, TOLEDO LF, HADDAD CFB, ZAMUDIO KR (2015) Deforestation, host community structure, and amphibian disease risk. Basic and Applied Ecology, doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2015.08.004. 

21 - SAVAGE AE, BECKER CG, ZAMUDIO KR (2015) Linking genetic and environmental factors in amphibian disease risk. Evolutionary Applications, 8: 560-572.

20 - BECKER CG, RODRIGUEZ D, TOLEDO LF, LONGO AV, LAMBERTIN C, CORREA DT, LEITE DS, HADDAD CFB, ZAMUDIO KR (2014) Partitioning the net effect of host diversity on an emerging amphibian pathogen. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – B, 281: 20141796.

19 - TITUS V, BELL RC, BECKER CG, ZAMUDIO KR (2014) Connectivity and gene flow among Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) populations in highly modified anthropogenic landscapes. Conservation Genetics, 15: 1447-1462.

18 - LENKER M, SAVAGE AE, BECKER CG, RODRIGUEZ DR, ZAMUDIO KR (2014) Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection dynamics vary seasonally in Upstate New York. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 111: 51-60.

17 - TOLEDO LF, BECKER CG, HADDAD CFB, ZAMUDIO KR (2014) Rarity in Amphibians: Indicators of Endangerment in a Biodiversity Hotspot. Biological Conservation, 179: 54-62.

16 - RODRIGUEZ D, BECKER CG, PUPIN, NC, HADDAD, CFB, ZAMUDIO KR (2014) Long-term endemism of two highly divergent lineages of the amphibian-killing fungus in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Molecular Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/mec.12615

15 - BECKER CG, RODRIGUEZ D, ZAMUDIO KR (2013) The Brazilian Adirondacks? Science, 340: 428.

14 - LARSON EL, BECKER CG, BONDRA ER, HARRISON RG (2013) Structure of a Mosaic Hybrid Zone Between the Field Crickets G. firmus and G. pennsylvanicus. Ecology & Evolution, DOI: 10.1002/ece3.514.

13 - BECKER CG, DALZIEL BD, KERSCH-BECKER MF, PARK MG, MOUCHKA M (2013) Indirect Effects of Human Development Along the Coast on Coral Health. Biotropica, DOI:10.1111/btp.12019.

12 - BECKER CG, RODRIGUEZ D, LONGO AV, TALABA AL, ZAMUDIO KR (2012) Disease Risk in Temperate Amphibian Populations is Higher at Closed-canopy Sites. PLoS One, 7(10): e48205.

11 - BECKER CG, ZAMUDIO KR (2011) Tropical Amphibiam Populations Experience Higher Disease Risk in Natural Habitats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118: 9893-9898.

10 - VELO-ANTON G, BECKER CG, RIVERA AC (2011) Turtle Carapace Anomalies: The Roles of Genetic Diversity and Environment. PLoS One, 6: e18714.

9 - BECKER CG, LOYOLA RD, HADDAD CFB, ZAMUDIO KR (2010) Integrating Species Life-History Traits and Patterns of Deforestation in Amphibian Conservation Planning. Diversity and Distributions, 16: 10-19.

8 - BECKER CG, FONSECA CR, HADDAD CFB, PRADO PI (2010) Habitat Split as a Cause of Local Population Declines of Amphibians with Aquatic Larvae. Conservation Biology, 24: 287-294.

7 - FONSECA CR, GANADE G, BALDISSERA R, BECKER CG, BOELTER C, et al. (2009) Towards an Ecologically Sustainable Forestry in the Atlantic Forest. Biological Conservation, 142: 1209-1219.


6 - BECKER CG, LOYOLA RD (2008) Extinction Risk Assessments at the Population and Species Level: Implications for Amphibian Conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17: 2239-2304.

5 - FONSECA CR, BECKER CG, HADDAD CFB, PRADO PI (2008) Response to Comment on: Habitat Split and the Global Decline of Amphibians. Science, 320: 874.

4 - LOYOLA RD, BECKER CG, KUBOTA U, FONSECA CR, HADDAD CFB, LEWINSOHN TM (2008) Hung Out to Dry: Choice of Priority Ecoregions for Conserving Threatened Neotropical Anurans Depends on Life-history Traits. PLoS One, 3(6): e2120.

3 - FONSECA CR, BECKER CG, HADDAD CFB, PRADO PI (2008) Metamorfose. Scientific American (in Portuguese), 3: 88-93. 

2 - BECKER CG, JONER F, FONSECA CR (2007) Ecologically-sustainable Tree Monocultures Contribute to the Conservation of an Araucaria Forest Endemic Frog. Journal of Natural History, 41: 1739-1752.

1 - BECKER CG, FONSECA CR, HADDAD CFB, BATISTA RF, PRADO PI (2007) Habitat-split and the Global Decline of Amphibians. Science, 318: 1775-1777.


Book Chapters


FONSECA CR, GANADE G, BALDISSERA R, BECKER CG, BOELTER C, et al. (2010) Plantações Florestais Ecologicamente Sustentáveis na Mata Atlântica. In: Barlow, J.; Peres, C. (Eds.). Conservação da Biodiversidade em Paisagens Florestais Antropizadas. Parana, Boticário, p. 131-142. 


FONSECA CR, GANADE G, BALDISSERA R, BECKER CG, BRESCOVIT AD, et al. (2009) Princípios Modernos de Manejo Florestal e a Conservação da Biodiversidade Associada à Floresta de Araucária. In: Fonseca, et al. (Eds.). Floresta com Araucária: Conservação, Manejo e Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Ribeirão Preto, Holos, p. 287-295.


FONSECA CR, GANADE G, BALDISSERA R, BECKER CG, BRESCOVIT AD, et al. (2006) Araucaria Forest Indicators: Contrasting Indicator Value Distributions Across Nine Taxonomic Groups. In: Lafortezza, R.; Sanesi, G. (Eds.). Patterns and Processes in Forest Landscapes. Firenze, Accademia Italiana di Scienze Forestali, p. 125-130.

 Studying the impacts of global warming on

community assembly and disease in bromeliad systems

Brazil's Atlantic Forest

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